CCNP7 Switch

INSTRUCTORES:

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Cisco , cursos

Part I Designing Campus Networks

 

Chapter 1 Enterprise Campus Network Design

 

Hierarchical Network Design

 

Predictable Network Model

Access Layer

Distribution Layer

Core Layer

 

Modular Network Design

 

Sizing a Switch Block

Switch Block Redundancy

Network Core

Collapsed Core

Core Size in a Campus Network

Cisco Products in a Hierarchical Network Design

 

Chapter 2 Switch Operation

 

Layer 2 Switch Operation

 

Transparent Bridging

Follow That Frame!

Multilayer Switch Operation

 

Types of Multilayer Switching

Follow That Packet!

Multilayer Switching Exceptions

 

Tables Used in Switching

 

Content-Addressable Memory

Ternary Content-Addressable Memory

            TCAM Structure

            TCAM Example

            Port Operations in TCAM

From the Library of Outcast Outcast

 

Managing Switching Tables

 

CAM Table Operation

TCAM Operation

Managing Switching Table Sizes

 

Chapter 3 Switch Port Configuration

 

Ethernet Overview

 

Scaling Ethernet

            Fast Ethernet

            Gigabit Ethernet

            10-Gigabit Ethernet

            Beyond 10-Gigabit Ethernet

            Duplex Operation over Ethernet Links

 

Connecting Switches and Devices

 

Ethernet Port Cables and Connectors

 

Switch Port Configuration

 

Selecting Ports to Configure

Identifying Ports

Port Speed

Port Duplex Mode

Managing Error Conditions on a Switch Port

            Detecting Error Conditions

            Automatically Recover from Error Conditions

Enable and Use the Switch Port

Troubleshooting Port Connectivity

            Looking for the Port State

            Looking for Speed and Duplex Mismatches

 

Discovering Connected Devices

 

Cisco Discovery Protocol

Link Layer Discovery Protocol

 

Using Power over Ethernet

 

How PoE Works

Detecting a Powered Device

Configuring PoE

 

Verifying PoE

 

Part II Building a Campus Network

Chapter 4 VLANs and Trunks

 

Virtual LANs

 

VLAN Membership

            Static VLANs

            Configuring Static VLANs

            Dynamic VLANs

Deploying VLANs

            End-to-End VLANs

            Local VLANs

 

VLAN Trunks

 

VLAN Frame Identification

            Inter-Switch Link Protocol

            IEEE 802.1Q Protocol

Dynamic Trunking Protocol

 

VLAN Trunk Configuration

 

Configuring a VLAN Trunk

Trunk Configuration Example

Troubleshooting VLANs and Trunks

Voice VLANs

 

Voice VLAN Configuration

Verifying Voice VLAN Operation

 

Wireless VLANs

 

Chapter 5 VLAN Trunking Protocol

 

VLAN Trunking Protocol

 

VTP Domains

VTP Modes

VTP Advertisements

VTP Synchronization

 

VTP Configuration

 

Configuring the VTP Version

Configuring a VTP Management Domain

Configuring the VTP Mode

VTP Configuration Example

VTP Status

 

VTP Pruning

 

Enabling VTP Pruning

 

Troubleshooting VTP

 

Part III Working with Redundant Links

Chapter 6 Traditional Spanning Tree Protocol

 

IEEE 802.1D Overview

 

Bridging Loops

Preventing Loops with Spanning Tree Protocol

Spanning-Tree Communication: Bridge Protocol Data Units

Electing a Root Bridge

Electing Root Ports

Electing Designated Ports

STP States

STP Timers

Topology Changes

            Direct Topology Changes

            Indirect Topology Changes

            Insignificant Topology Changes

 

Types of STP

 

Common Spanning Tree

Per-VLAN Spanning Tree

Per-VLAN Spanning Tree Plus

 

Chapter 7 Spanning-Tree Configuration

 

STP Root Bridge

 

Root Bridge Placement

Root Bridge Configuration

Tuning the Root Path Cost

Tuning the Port ID

 

Tuning Spanning-Tree Convergence

 

Modifying STP Timers

            Manually Configuring STP Timers

            Automatically Configuring STP Timers

 

Redundant Link Convergence

 

PortFast: Access Layer Nodes

UplinkFast: Access Layer Uplinks

BackboneFast: Redundant Backbone Paths

 

Monitoring STP

 

Chapter 8 Protecting the Spanning Tree Protocol Topology

 

Protecting Against Unexpected BPDUs

 

Root Guard

BPDU Guard

 

Protecting Against Sudden Loss of BPDUs

 

Loop Guard

UDLD

 

Using BPDU Filtering to Disable STP on a Port

Troubleshooting STP Protection

 

Chapter 9 Advanced Spanning Tree Protocol

 

Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol

 

RSTP Port Behavior

BPDUs in RSTP

RSTP Convergence

            Port Types

            Synchronization

Topology Changes and RSTP

RSTP Configuration

Rapid Per-VLAN Spanning Tree Protocol

 

Multiple Spanning Tree Protocol

 

MST Overview

MST Regions

Spanning-Tree Instances Within MST

            IST Instances

            MST Instances

MST Configuration

 

Chapter 10 Aggregating Switch Links

 

Switch Port Aggregation with EtherChannel

 

Bundling Ports with EtherChannel

Distributing Traffic in EtherChannel

Configuring EtherChannel Load Balancing

 

EtherChannel Negotiation Protocols

 

Port Aggregation Protocol

Link Aggregation Control Protocol

 

EtherChannel Configuration

 

Configuring a PAgP EtherChannel

Configuring a LACP EtherChannel

Avoiding Misconfiguration with EtherChannel Guard

 

Troubleshooting an EtherChannel

 

Part IV Multilayer Switching

Chapter 11 Multilayer Switching

 

Inter-VLAN Routing

 

Types of Interfaces

Configuring Inter-VLAN Routing

            Layer 2 Port Configuration

            Layer 3 Port Configuration

            SVI Port Configuration

Multilayer Switching with CEF

            Traditional MLS Overview

            CEF Overview

            Forwarding Information Base

Adjacency Table

Packet Rewrite

Configuring CEF

 

Verifying Multilayer Switching

 

Verifying Inter-VLAN Routing

Verifying CEF

 

Chapter 12 Configuring DHCP

 

Using DHCP with a Multilayer Switch

 

Configuring an IPv4 DHCP Server

            Configuring a Manual Address Binding

            Configuring DHCP Options

            Configuring a DHCP Relay

 

Configuring DHCP to Support IPv6

 

Stateless Autoconfiguration

DHCPv6

DHCPv6 Lite

Configuring a DHCPv6 Relay Agent

Verifying IPv6 DHCP Operation

 

Part V Monitoring Campus Networks

Chapter 13 Logging Switch Activity

 

Syslog Messages

 

Logging to the Switch Console

Logging to the Internal Buffer

Logging to a Remote Syslog Server

 

Adding Time Stamps to Syslog Messages

 

Setting the Internal System Clock

Using NTP to Synchronize with an External Time Source

Securing NTP

Using SNTP to Synchronize Time

Adding Time Stamps to Logging Messages

 

Chapter 14 Managing Switches with SNMP

 

SNMP Overview

Configuring SNMP

 

Configuring SNMPv1

Configuring SNMPv2C

Configuring SNMPv3

 

Chapter 15 Monitoring Performance with IP SLA

 

IP SLA Overview

Configuring IP SLA

Using IP SLA

 

Chapter 16 Using Port Mirroring to Monitor Traffic

 

Using Local SPAN

 

Local SPAN Configuration

 

Remote SPAN

 

Remote SPAN Configuration

 

Managing SPAN Sessions

 

Part VI Implementing High Availability

Chapter 17 Understanding High Availability

 

Leveraging Logical Switches

 

StackWise

Virtual Switching System

 

Supervisor and Route Processor Redundancy

 

Redundant Switch Supervisors

Configuring the Redundancy Mode

Configuring Supervisor Synchronization

Nonstop Forwarding

 

Chapter 18 Layer 3 High Availability

 

Packet-Forwarding Review

Hot Standby Router Protocol

 

HSRP Router Election

Plain-Text HSRP Authentication

MD5 Authentication

Conceding the Election

HSRP Gateway Addressing

Load Balancing with HSRP

 

Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol

Gateway Load Balancing Protocol

 

Active Virtual Gateway

Active Virtual Forwarder

GLBP Load Balancing

Enabling GLBP

 

Verifying Gateway Redundancy

 

Part VII Securing Switched Networks

Chapter 19 Securing Switch Access

 

Port Security

Port-Based Authentication

 

802.1X Configuration

802.1X Port-Based Authentication Example

 

Using Storm Control

 

Chapter 20 Securing VLANs

 

VLAN Access Lists

 

VACL Configuration

 

Private VLANs

 

Private VLAN Configuration

            Configure the Private VLANs

            Associate Ports with Private VLANs

            Associate Secondary VLANs to a Primary VLAN SVI

 

Securing VLAN Trunks

 

Switch Spoofing

VLAN Hopping

 

Chapter 21 Preventing Spoofing Attacks

 

DHCP Snooping

IP Source Guard

Dynamic ARP Inspection

 

Chapter 22 Managing Switch Users

 

Configuring Authentication

Configuring Authorization

Configuring Accounting

Exam Preparation Tasks

From the Library of Outcast Outcast

Review All Key Topics

Complete Tables and Lists from Memory

Define Key Terms

Use Command Reference to Check Your Memory