CCNP7 Route



Cisco , cursos

Part I Fundamental Routing Concepts

Chapter 1 Characteristics of Routing Protocols

Foundation Topics


Routing Protocol Fundamentals


The Role of Routing in an Enterprise Network

Routing Protocol Selection


Network Technology Fundamentals


Network Traffic Types

Network Architecture Types


TCP/IP Fundamentals


IP Characteristics

TCP Characteristics

UDP Characteristics


Network Migration Strategies


Routing Protocol Changes

IPv6 Migration

Spanning Tree Protocol Migration

Migration to Easy Virtual Networking


Exam Preparation Tasks

Planning Practice


Design Review Table

Implementation Plan Peer Review Table


Chapter 2 Remote Site Connectivity


Foundation Topics


Remote Connectivity Overview


MPLS-Based Virtual Private Networks

Tunnel-Based Virtual Private Networks

Hybrid Virtual Private Networks




Layer 2 MPLS VPN

Layer 3 MPLS VPN




Multipoint GRE



Planning Practice


Design Review Table

Implementation Plan Peer Review Table

Create an Implementation Plan Table

Choose Commands for a Verification Plan Table


Part II IGP Routing Protocols


Chapter 3 IPv6 Review and RIPng


Global Unicast Addressing, Routing, and Subnetting


Global Route Aggregation for Efficient Routing

Conventions for Representing IPv6 Addresses

Conventions for Writing IPv6 Prefixes

Global Unicast Prefix Assignment Example

Subnetting Global Unicast IPv6 Addresses Inside an Enterprise

Prefix Terminology


IPv6 Global Unicast Addresses Assignment


Stateful DHCP for IPv6

Stateless Autoconfiguration

Learning the Prefix/Length and Default Router with NDP     Router Advertisements

Calculating the Interface ID Using EUI-64

Finding the DNS IP Addresses Using Stateless DHCP

Static IPv6 Address Configuration


Survey of IPv6 Addressing


Overview of IPv6 Addressing

Unicast IPv6 Addresses

Multicast and Other Special IPv6 Addresses

Layer 2 Addressing Mapping and Duplicate Address   Detection


Configuring IPv6 Addresses on Cisco Routers


Configuring Static IPv6 Addresses on Routers

Multicast Groups Joined by IPv6 Router Interfaces

Connected Routes and Neighbors

The IPv6 Neighbor Table

Stateless Autoconfiguration


RIP Next Generation (RIPng)


RIPng: Theory and Comparisons to RIPv2

Configuring RIPng

Verifying RIPng


Chapter 4 Fundamental EIGRP Concepts


EIGRP Fundamentals


Configuration Review

Verification Review

Internals Review


EIGRP Neighborships


Manipulating EIGRP Hello and Hold Timers

Preventing Unwanted Neighbors Using Passive Interfaces

Controlling Neighborships with Static Configuration

Configuration Settings That Could Prevent Neighbor Relationships


Neighborship over WANs


Neighborship on Frame Relay

Neighborship on MPLS VPN

Neighborship on Metro Ethernet


Chapter 5 Advanced EIGRP Concepts


Building the EIGRP Topology Table

Seeding the EIGRP Topology Table

The Content of EIGRP Update Message

The EIGRP Update Process

WAN Issues for EIGRP Topology Exchange


Building the IP Routing Table

Calculating the Metrics: Feasible Distance and Reported Distance

EIGRP Metric Tuning

Unequal Metric Route Load Sharing


Optimizing EIGRP Convergence


Fast Convergence to Feasible Successors

Converging by Going Active

The Impact of Summary Routes on Query Scope

Stuck in Active


Route Filtering


Filtering by Referencing ACLs

Filtering by Referencing IP Prefix Lists

Route Summarization


Default Routes


Default Routing to the Internet Router

Default Routing Configuration with EIGRP


Chapter 6 EIGRP for IPv6 and Named EIGRP

EIGRP for IPv6


EIGRP for IPv4 and IPv6: Theory and Comparisons

Configuring EIGRP for IPv6

Verifying EIGRP for IPv6




The Named EIGRP Hierarchical Structure

Traditional EIGRP and Named EIGRP Configurations  Compared

Verifying Named EIGRP


Chapter 7 Fundamental OSPF Concepts


OSPF Review


OSPF Link-State Concepts

OSPF Configuration Review

OSPF Verification Review

OSPF Feature Summary


OSPF Neighbors and Adjacencies on LANs


Enabling OSPF Neighbor Discovery on LANs

Settings That Must Match for OSPF Neighborship


OSPF Neighbors and Adjacencies on WANs


OSPF Network Types

OSPF Neighborship over Point-to-Point Links

Neighborship over Frame Relay Point-to-Point Subinterfaces

Neighborship on MPLS VPN

Neighborship on Metro Ethernet


Virtual Links


Understanding OSPF Virtual Link Concepts

Configuring OSPF Virtual Links

Verifying the OSPF Virtual Link


Chapter 8 The OSPF Link-State Database


LSAs and the OSPF Link-State Database


LSA Type 1: Router LSA

LSA Type 2: Network LSA

LSA Type 3: Summary LSA

Limiting the Number of LSAs

Summary of Internal LSA Types


The Database Exchange Process


OSPF Message and Neighbor State Reference

Exchange Without a Designated Router

Exchange with a Designated Router

Flooding Throughout the Area

Periodic Flooding


Choosing the Best OSPF Routes


OSPF Metric Calculation for Internal OSPF Routes

Metric Tuning

Verifying OSPF Cost Settings


Chapter 9 Advanced OSPF Concepts


Route Filtering


Type 3 LSA Filtering

Filtering OSPF Routes Added to the Routing Table


Route Summarization


Manual Summarization at ABRs

Manual Summarization at ASBRs


Default Routes and Stub Areas


Domain-Wide Defaults Using the default-information originate Command

Stubby Areas


OSPF Version 3


OSPFv2 and OSPFv3 Comparison

OSPFv3 Traditional Configuration

OSPFv3 Address Family Configuration


Part III Route Redistribution and Selection


Chapter 10 Route Redistribution


Route Redistribution Basics


The Need for Route Redistribution

Redistribution Concepts and Processes


Redistribution into EIGRP


EIGRP redistribute Command Reference

Baseline Configuration for EIGRP Redistribution Examples

Configuring EIGRP Redistribution with Default Metric Components

Verifying EIGRP Redistribution


Redistribution into OSPF


OSPF redistribute Command Reference

Configuring OSPF Redistribution with Minimal Parameters

Setting OSPF Metrics on Redistributed Routes

LSAs and Metrics for External Type 2 Routes

Redistributing into OSPF as E1 Routes

A Brief Comparison of E1 and E2 Routes

External Routes in NSSAs


Redistribution with Route Maps and Distribute Lists


Overview of Using Route Maps with Redistribution

Filtering Redistributed Routes with Route Maps

Setting Metrics When Redistributing

Setting the External Route Type

Redistribution Filtering with the distribute-list Command


Issues with Multiple Redistribution Points


Preventing Routing Domain Loops with Higher Metrics

Preventing Routing Domain Loops with Administrative Distance

Domain Loop Problems with More Than Two Routing Domains


Chapter 11 Route Selection


Cisco Express Forwarding


Operation of Process Switching

Operation of Fast Switching

Operation of Cisco Express Forwarding


Policy-Based Routing


Matching the Packet and Setting the Route

PBR Configuration Example

How the default Keyword Impacts PBR Logic Ordering

Additional PBR Functions


IP Service-Level Agreement


Understanding IP SLA Concepts

Configuring and Verifying IP SLA

Tracking SLA Operations to Influence Routing




VRF-Lite Configuration

VRF Verification


Part IV Internet Connectivity


Chapter 12 Fundamentals of Internet Connectivity


Provider-Assigned IPv4 Addresses


Static IP Address Assignment

Dynamic IP Address Assignment




Basic NAT


NAT Design Considerations



Chapter 13 Fundamental BGP Concepts


The Basics of Internet Routing and Addressing


Public IP Address Assignment

Internet Route Aggregation

The Impact of NAT/PAT

Private IPv4 Addresses and Other Special Addresses


Introduction to BGP


BGP Basics

BGP ASNs and the AS_SEQ Path Attribute

Internal and External BGP

Public and Private ASNs


Outbound Routing Toward the Internet


Comparing BGP and Default Routing for Enterprises






External BGP for Enterprises


eBGP Neighbor Configuration

Requirements for Forming eBGP Neighborships

Issues When Redundancy Exists Between eBGP Neighbors

eBGP Multihop Concepts

BGP Internals and Verifying eBGP Neighbors


Verifying the BGP Table


The BGP Update Message

Examining the BGP Table

Viewing Subsets of the BGP Table


Injecting Routes into BGP for Advertisement to the ISPs


Injecting Routes Using the network Command

The Effect of auto-summary on the BGP network Command

Injecting Routes Using Redistribution


Chapter 14 Advanced BGP Concepts


Internal BGP Between Internet-Connected Routers


Establishing the Need for iBGP with Two Internet-Connected Routers

Configuring iBGP

Verifying iBGP

Examining iBGP BGP Table Entries

Understanding Next-Hop Reachability Issues with iBGP


Avoiding Routing Loops When Forwarding Toward the Internet


Using an iBGP Mesh

IGP Redistribution and BGP Synchronization


Route Filtering and Clearing BGP Peers


BGP Filtering Overview

Inbound and Outbound BGP Filtering on Prefix/Length

Clearing BGP Neighbors

Displaying the Results of BGP Filtering

Peer Groups


BGP Path Attributes and Best-Path Algorithm


BGP Path Attributes

Overview of the BGP Best-Path Algorithm

Perspectives on the Core Eight Best-Path Steps

Memorization Tips for BGP Best Path


Influencing an Enterprise’s Outbound Routes


Influencing BGP Weight

Setting the Local Preference

IP Routes Based on BGP Best Paths

Increasing the Length of the AS_Path Using AS_Path Prepend


Influencing an Enterprise’s Inbound Routes with MED


MED Concepts

MED Configuration


Chapter 15 IPv6 Internet Connectivity


IPv6 Internet Connections


Methods of Assigning an IPv6 Address to a Customer Router

Manual Configuration of IPv6 Address and Default Route

IPv6 Access Control Lists

IPv6 Internet Connection Security


BGP Support for IPv6


Multiprotocol BGP Fundamentals

IPv6 Routing over an IPv4 BGP Session

IPv6 Routing over an IPv6 BGP Session

Single IPv4 BGP Session Versus Dual (IPv4 and IPv6) Sessions

Filtering IPv6 Routes with Prefix Lists

Using Local Preference for IPv6 Path Selection


Part V Router and Routing Security


Chapter 16 Fundamental Router Security Concepts


Elements of a Router Security Policy

Access Control Lists


Time-Based ACLs

Infrastructure ACLs


Management Plane Security


Secure Shell Versus Telnet

Password Encryption

Unicast Reverse Path Forwarding

Authentication, Authorization, and Accounting

SNMP Security

NTP Authentication


Chapter 17 Routing Protocol Authentication


Authentication Methods


Plain Text Authentication

Hashing Authentication

Key Chains


EIGRP Authentication


EIGRP for IPv4 Authentication

EIGRP for IPv6 Authentication

Named EIGRP Authentication


OSPF Authentication


Plain Text OSPFv2 Authentication

OSPFv2 MD5 Authentication

OSPFv3 Authentication


BGP Authentication


IPv4 BGP Authentication

IPv6 BGP Authentication


Definimos juntos las necesidades de los planes formativos. Justo lo que se necesita con el objetivo final en mente.


La formación es un viaje que hay que recorrer juntos y superar objetivos juntos. Siempre estaremos a su lado.


Cumplimos, es nuestra esencia. No prometemos nada que no podamos cumplir.


Todo encima de la mesa, es la mejor forma de una relación dure por muchos años.


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